Cassava starch production plant
Cassava Starch is produced by wet-milling of fresh. Starch is the main constituent of cassava.My company is professional manufacture the automatic cassava starch production plant . The whole automatic cassava starch production plant is comprised of 12 units as below:
1. Raw material receiving and converying unit during the cassava starch production line
Material receiving unit is the first link of cassava starch processing. The primary purpose of this unit is the cassava preliminary removing impurity and the smooth storing in inside of cassava tuber. Cassava is conveyed to the large inclination-angle belt conveyor through conveying belt at the bottom of the hopper, and further is conveyed into cleaner to remove impurities by the large inclination-angle belt conveyor, removing sand and other impurities. Preliminary de-sanding and removing impurity can relieve machine burden of de-stoning and cleaning unit.
Cassava receiving and converying unit
2. De-stoning, cleaning and crushing unit during the cassava starch production line
The purpose of this unit is to get rid of sandstone, clay of cassava, and to deposit cleaned cassava in the cassava temporary hopper. Cassava is conveyed into the blades washer, blades washer adopts counter-current cleaning principle. Certain level of cleaning water is poured into the cleaning trough, cassava raw materials almost float on the surface of water and move forward along rolling blades through internal trough. The cassava rotates and clashes each other in the water, getting rid of the soil and impurities on the surface of them in the greatest degree. Heavier sand and other heavy impurities sink to the bottom of the trough. then the cassava root are conveyed to the next production link.
Finally the cassava cleaned by the three-grade blades washer, fall into the crusher through the big inclination-angle belt conveyor to carry on the preliminary slicing of cassava tuber. Cassava is cut into small piece to ensure rasping efficiency of rasper.
3. Rasping and pumping unit during the cassava starch production line
Efficient rasper can release cassava starch particles from cassava cells thoroughly, guaranteeing the combination starch content of cassava residue to the minimum.
At the bottom of the temporary warehouse links a discharging outlet of special design which connects a feeding spiral with adjustable speed. Feeding spiral has three outlets, two rasper connectors and one overflow outlet. A length of short connection with gate valve is between rasper and feeding spiral. When the system is to feed, the gate valve of the rasper is turned on first, next the feeding spiral frequency is adjusted according to need, and then the feeding spiral is start-up and beginning feeding.
Cassava slurry below the rasper is pumped into de-sanding unit with a fiber pump. The stainless steel rasper with special design is easy to operate. Concise file clamping system ensures the file working in its best position.
Hydrocyclone and de-sanding unit
4. Hydrocyclone and de-sanding unit during the cassava starch production line
Cassava slurry got from rasping is pumped into the de-sand cyclone through a fiber pump. Materials with certain pressure enter into the de-sand cyclone along the tangent, cassava slurry in the hydro-cyclone is rotating with high speed, light starch and cassava residue etc. overflow from the top of the hydro-cyclone, while heavy sand is discharged from the bottom of the hydro-cyclone. At the bottom of the ceramic vortex tube has a sand catch pot which connects pressure recoil water to guarantee starch not being discharged from underflow outlet, and the sand in the sand catch pot is discharged regularly through two air valve. Ceramic vortex tube of special manufacture is durable; the air valve with unique design can discharge sand automatic periodically.
5. Centrifugal extraction unit during the cassava starch production line
Centrifugal extraction unit is another key units of the whole production line to influence cassava starch extraction rate, good centrifugal screen and process technology can help extract out all the free starch from broken cassava cells.
Centrifugal extraction unit
Extraction unit is a centrifugal sieve group composed by three centrifugal sieves, each centrifugal sieve equips with a fiber pump and a de-foam pump. Cassava slurry came from de-sander enters into the first level extraction sieve, under the action of centrifugal force of sieve basket high speed rotating.cassava starch goes through the screen, and the residue stayed on the surface of sieve basket was thrown away lately.
The front of the sieve basket, has certain pressure flushing water which spays from nozzles to make cassava residue roll continuously, and then extract starch of cassava residue thoroughly. Sieve basket back also designs flush water, but the back recoil water is periodically opened to guarantee pectin and cassava residue non-clogging screen.
Starch milk is pumped to hydro-cyclone for washing by de-foam pump, and cassava residue is pumped to the second stage centrifugal sieve by fiber pump. Cassava residue containing some cassava starch is extracted starch further in the second centrifugal sieve, starchy water is pumped into the process water of the extraction unit by de-foam pump, cassava residue sequentially is pumped to the third stage extraction sieve by fiber pump.
Three-grade of centrifugal sieve group can ensure all free starch to be collected to extraction system, making cassava residue not contain free starch, the extraction rate of starch.
6. Cassava residue dewatering unit during the cassava starch production line
Cassava residue pumped from the extraction unit proceeds with de-watering by a centrifugal sieve, the working principle is the same as an extraction sieve.
7. Concentrating and refining unit during the cassava starch production line
Starch slurry sieved from the first stage centrifugal sieve enters into the 16 grades concentration hydro-cyclone washing unit, process water pumped from the other end of the hydro-cyclone washes starch with countercurrent method. The whole hydro-cyclone can be divided into three parts, first starch slurry is de-watered and concentrated through concentrated hydro-cyclone, concentrated starch milk enters into the subsequent washing unit, and then overflowed cell sap enters into two-stage recovery hydro-cyclone for recycling contained starch. The most effluent overflowed out of hydro-cyclone, containing abundant fibrous impurities is discharged directly; a small minority enters into the process water system of extraction unit again. Starch milk of hydro-cyclone is pumped to a stainless steel starch milk storage tank with blender.
Clean process water adds from last stage of hydro-cyclone to mix and wash starch milk, then the overflow mixes with former stage starch milk, washes and separates. Series of countercurrent washing like this makes fibers and cell sap are discharged out of hydro-cyclone along water. Adopting 13-stage washing can guarantee washing effect of hydro-cyclone, which could remove fiber, protein contained in starch milk better, in this way, the starch milk came from hydro-cyclone has no impurities at all.
Cassava starch production line
8. Fine fiber separation unit during the cassava starch production line
Fine fiber separation unit is assorted unit to concentration and refining unit; itsmain purpose is to reduce working pressure of hydro-cyclone. When fiber and impurities in the starch slurry are too much, fine fiber sieve can be opened to discharge part of the fine fiber of hydro-cyclone out of cyclone system to ensure overmuch fine fiber can be discharged from hydro-cyclone.
Waste water containing fine fiber came from the first level of overflow of hydro-cyclone enters directly into inlet of the fine fiber sieve, starch containing in fine fiber is extracted through the fine fiber sieve as extraction unit; the starchy cell sap and starch slurry extracted from the first level of starch extraction sieve together re-enter into the hydro-cyclone, the separated fine fiber directly enters into the cassava residue spiral discharge of dehydration sieve or into the cassava residue de-watering unit together with the cassava residue came from extraction unit.
Fine fiber separation unit plays a good auxiliary function in the working of hydro-cyclone; it can discharge large amount of fine fiber of hydro-cyclone out of cyclone system in time, at the same time it can discharge cell sap on the poor raw material situation.
Cassava starch dewatering machine
9. Starch dewatering unit during the cassava starch production line
Starch milk with too big moisture content came from hydro-cyclone can’t directly dry, so first starch milk needs de-water to make starch moisture content be about 40%. When centrifuge filter de-watering and after the rotating drum working at a full speed, the inlet valve automatically and periodically opens, the suspension enters into the rotating drum with full speed through the feed pipe, solid content of the suspension is evenly distributed on semi-auto surface by centrifugal force, and liquid is mostly separated by centrifugal separation through filter screen and drum wall holes, discharged through the tangential liquid outlet of machine housing; along with the extension of the feeding time, the thickness of solid material layer inside the drum is also increasing. reaching the scheduled time, inlet valve shuts down automatically and feeding stops.
Cassava starch dewatering machine
After a certain period of feeding stop time, the flush valve automatically opened, washing water sprays on solid content through a washing water pipe, the flush valve automatically closes after a certain period of time; under conditions of continuous full speed rotating of the rotating drum, liquid content is constantly separated, solid content is fully dried after a certain time of continuous separation. At this time scraper cuts with rotation into solid material layer along the radial direction of the rotating drum, the removed materials to be delivered out of machine through the aggregate trough along the inclined discharge hopper, scraper resets after the discharging. Meanwhile, flush valve opens, washing water cleans filter screen to make it reuse; washing filter ending means that a complete operational period is finished, at this moment feeding valve opens again to enter the next cycle period. Filter cake is scraped by scraper and conveyed into the feeding hopper of the flash dryer by the belt conveyor of food-grade.
Because the operation of centrifuge filter is intermittent, therefore two centrifuge filters equipped together work at the same time to ensure the feeding continuity of the flash dryer. Centrifuge filter is characterized by excellent performance, and simple and stable operation. low moisture content of de-watered starch, so it can reduce the energy consumption of subsequent air drying.
Cassava starch dryer machine
10.Air drying unit during the cassava starch production line
Air dryer will further dry the de-watered starch to commodities starch required moisture content. Air passes through the filter and is heated to the required
temperature by the heat exchanger, and then hot air is sucked into the flash dryer by draught fan.
De-watered starch is conveyed to the feeding spiral with hopper, and then conveyed to the feeding inlet of flash dryer through spiral conveyer; starch enters into the cyclone separator through air pipe along with hot air of flash dryer; dried starch separates with air in cyclone separator; wet air leaves cyclone separator and discharged through draught fan. Starch enters into finished product spiral through air locker below the cyclone separator. The big bend pipe flash dryer by special design practically proves that the energy consumption reduces 30-40% than average.
Screening and storage unit
11. Screening and storage unit during the cassava starch production line
Starch is conveyed to the starch well-distribution bunker by finished product spiral, and then the starch is conveyed to the bucket elevator through the leveraged feeder starch below the starch well-distribution bunker, finally the starch is conveyed into the two-way conveying spiral. Starch returns to the starch well distribution bunker through two-way conveying spiral, if the moisture content of starch can’t reach standard; starch enters into the double storehouse vibrating sieve through two-way conveying spiral, if the moisture content of starch can reach standard. The vibrating screen sifts and clarifies dried starch, removes gelatinous and thick grain of the fine starch, makes the fineness of the finished product starch meet the standard. The starch screened enters directly into the stainless steel starch bunker for temporary storage. The sieve mesh number of the selected double storehouse
vibrating sieve its sieve mesh is increasing from top to bottom gradually, and guarantees no blockage of the starch screening and the fineness of starch.
Adopting the starch well-distribution bunker can guarantee the balance of the finished product; starch could reach the moisture standard through the recycling of the starch well-distribution bunker, if the dried starch is too dry or too wet. Especially when the flash dryer is under the unstable starting up condition, the moisture content of starch can be ensured to reach standard equally through the starch well-distribution bunker.
12. Weighting and packing unit during the cassava starch production line
The starch of storehouse will be packed into 25 kg per bag by automatic packer.
Above all is the detailed description of cassava starch production plant.We can provide you the complete cassava starch processing machine,and the design for cassava starch processing plant according to your demand for cassava starch processing plant.